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I know what we are doing in music at the moment starts a bit pointless, but it will be useful in the long run – trust me! I thought I would put some notes on this page, to help with revision etc.

MELODY is the technical word for tune. That’s literally all it means.

HARMONY is the technical word for the other parts that go with the tune. So if you were on the piano, and were using the right hand and left hand, (assuming that the right hand was playing the tune), the left hand would be playing harmony.

So, one of our homework’s was to write a chord pattern, using chords 1,6/2,4,5

This is the scale of C major, and then you can work out what chords to use, so:

C   D   E   F   G   A   B   C

And then you can write the chords underneath.

C   D   E   F   G   A   B   C

1    2   3   4    5   6    7   8

So, we can work out that chord 1 is C, chord 6 is A/chord 2 is D chord 4 is F and chord 5 is G.

Every chord is made up of notes 1,3 and 5 of it’s scale.  So, we can also work out that chord 1 (C) is made up of the notes C, E, and G.

# = sharp sign          b = flat sign

Chord 6, we know is A, so we write the scale of A to work it out.

A    B   #C    D    E   #F   #G    A  

1    2      3     4    5      6      7     8

So we know a chord of A, is A, #C, and E

OR, Chord 2, which we know is D, so we need to write the scale of D to work it out.

D    E   #F    G    A    B   #C    D

1    2      3     4    5     6     7     8

So the chord of D, is D, #F, and A.

Now we come to chord 4, which is F, so we write the scale of F:

F    G    A    bB    C    D    E    F

1     2    3     4      5     6    7    8  

So, our F chord is F, A and C.

Finally we come to chord 5, which is G, so:

G    A    B    C    D    E   #F    G

1     2     3    4    5     6     7     8

So we know our G chord is G, B, and D.

I hope this helps you understand how chords work.

Today, Mrs Bower’s group were looking at ‘number machines’ and shorthand for them. 

We can think of any rule e.g.  +3, -1.

We can then think of any number, and use those rules on it, so take 10 for example.

10 + 3 = 13

13 – 1 = 12

Then you can sequence it, so: 10 —+3–>13–-1–>12

The shorthand for this, is 10 –> 13 –> 12.

You can also use letters to represent any number, and they give you a good idea of how to do the sum. Take ‘a’ for example. Let’s say that ‘a’ can represent any number, but for now, just take 5 and 6. So,  first we do the same just using ‘a’.

a —+3–>(a+3)–-1–>(a+3)-1

Then we can do it with 5 and 10, and the letters show us what to do. So in shorthand, 5 will be:

5–>8–>7

and 10 will be:

6–>9–>8

This is not the only way of doing the sum, because as you can see, 10 –>12, 5–>7, 6–>8. So, as well as the +3, -1 rule, another rule that would work in exactly the same way, is +2.

You can do this with any letter or number. Using the same rule, and therefore shorthand, take the letter ‘r’ (for 8R!!) The pattern will be:

r–>(r+3)–>(r+3)-1

 I hope this helps with the upcoming test!

I think it is a good idea to have timetables stuck up on your desk or notice board. Scuth1 has made a really good school timetable, with spaces to fill in for the W,X,Y,Z groups. Click here to view it. I have also made a homework timetable. Click here to view this.

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In French at the moment we are learning all about clothing,  how to say whether it suits us or not, colours, and the three different words for this and that depending on whether the word was feminine, masculine and plural.  It was quite good on Friday 6th October, because we had Jeans for Genes day, so we could all say we were wearing different things, not just everyone wearing school uniform.

First of all, here are the words which we learnt for clothes and shoes. The un, une and des in front of the words are really important, because you wouldn’t say ‘some tie’. You’d say ‘a tie’.

Un Pull Jumper

Un Pantalon Trousers

Une Jupe Skirt

Un Sweat Sweatshirt

Des Chaussettes Socks

Des Chaussures Shoes

Un Short Shorts

Un Tee-shirtT-Shirt

Des Sandales Sandals

Un Jean Jeans

Une Robe Dress

Une Cravate Tie

Une Chemise Shirt

Un Veste Jacket (formal)

Un Blouson Jacket (informal)

Des Baskets Trainers

Des Bottes Boots

I find it quite helpful to have a revision sheet for every topic. So click here to see one I made for clothes.

In Spanish at the moment, we are doing verbs, some of which are really hard, they all follow a pattern (well, regular ones anyway). Below are the verbs ‘hablar’ and ‘vivir’ These are regular verbs, but hablar is an ‘ar’ verb, and vivir is an ‘ir’ verb, and you can see how this affects their endings. 

HABLAR                                                       VIVIR                         hablo                                                                vivo

hablas                                                              vives

habla                                                                vive

hablamos                                                        vivimos

hablais                                                             vivis                                                            

hablan                                                             viven

Also, there are verbs like ‘levantarse’ and ‘llamarse’ which are ‘se’ verbs. This means that you add a word onto the beginning every time, but the words  always remain the same, and therefore are quite easy to remember.

LEVANTARSE                                           LLAMARSE

me levanto                                                       me llamo

te levantas                                                       te llamas

se levanta                                                        se llama

nos levantamos                                              nos llamamos

os levantais                                                     os llamais

se levantan                                                      se llaman

Next, we moved on to radical changing and reflexive verbs. To work out these verbs, you firstly need to remove the ‘se’ from the verb, and then the ‘r’. So, for example, the verb, ‘acostarse’. You remove the ‘se’ and then the ‘r’, leaving ‘acosta’. Then, you take the ‘o’ and change it to ‘ue’, however, the vowels change in all of them, so you really need to learn them! The words at the beginning are also their, because the verb is still reflexive.  The ‘ue’ is all the way down the verb, apart from the ‘nos’ and ‘os’, where it is the original vowel.  These are two reflexive and radical changing verbs, ‘acostarse’ and ‘despertarse’

ACOSTARSE                                                DESPERTARSE

me acuesta                                                     me despierto

te acuestas                                                     te despiertas

se acuesta                                                      se despierta

nos acostamos                                              nos despertamos

os acostais                                                     os despertais

se acostan                                                      se despiertan

A really good way to remember this, is the boot, or van! For every word inside the boot, the vowel changes, for the words outside the boot, it returns to the original vowel. Below is an example of a boot verb, using the verb ‘acostarse’.

The other type of verb is an ‘irregular’ verb. We did quite a lot on these last year, but haven’t done much this year yet. I will put them on, because we have covered them at one point or another! Irregular verbs are verbs which follow now particular patter, you just have to learn them! I have listed two below, ‘ser’ and ‘tengo’, although tengo does have a link to regular verbs, so is quite easy to work out.

SER                                                                  TENGO

soy                                                                     tengo

eres                                                                   tienes

es                                                                       tiene

somos                                                               tenemos

sois                                                                    teneis

son                                                                    tienen