In Spanish at the moment, we are doing verbs, some of which are really hard, they all follow a pattern (well, regular ones anyway). Below are the verbs ‘hablar’ and ‘vivir’ These are regular verbs, but hablar is an ‘ar’ verb, and vivir is an ‘ir’ verb, and you can see how this affects their endings. 

HABLAR                                                       VIVIR                         hablo                                                                vivo

hablas                                                              vives

habla                                                                vive

hablamos                                                        vivimos

hablais                                                             vivis                                                            

hablan                                                             viven

Also, there are verbs like ‘levantarse’ and ‘llamarse’ which are ‘se’ verbs. This means that you add a word onto the beginning every time, but the words  always remain the same, and therefore are quite easy to remember.

LEVANTARSE                                           LLAMARSE

me levanto                                                       me llamo

te levantas                                                       te llamas

se levanta                                                        se llama

nos levantamos                                              nos llamamos

os levantais                                                     os llamais

se levantan                                                      se llaman

Next, we moved on to radical changing and reflexive verbs. To work out these verbs, you firstly need to remove the ‘se’ from the verb, and then the ‘r’. So, for example, the verb, ‘acostarse’. You remove the ‘se’ and then the ‘r’, leaving ‘acosta’. Then, you take the ‘o’ and change it to ‘ue’, however, the vowels change in all of them, so you really need to learn them! The words at the beginning are also their, because the verb is still reflexive.  The ‘ue’ is all the way down the verb, apart from the ‘nos’ and ‘os’, where it is the original vowel.  These are two reflexive and radical changing verbs, ‘acostarse’ and ‘despertarse’

ACOSTARSE                                                DESPERTARSE

me acuesta                                                     me despierto

te acuestas                                                     te despiertas

se acuesta                                                      se despierta

nos acostamos                                              nos despertamos

os acostais                                                     os despertais

se acostan                                                      se despiertan

A really good way to remember this, is the boot, or van! For every word inside the boot, the vowel changes, for the words outside the boot, it returns to the original vowel. Below is an example of a boot verb, using the verb ‘acostarse’.

The other type of verb is an ‘irregular’ verb. We did quite a lot on these last year, but haven’t done much this year yet. I will put them on, because we have covered them at one point or another! Irregular verbs are verbs which follow now particular patter, you just have to learn them! I have listed two below, ‘ser’ and ‘tengo’, although tengo does have a link to regular verbs, so is quite easy to work out.

SER                                                                  TENGO

soy                                                                     tengo

eres                                                                   tienes

es                                                                       tiene

somos                                                               tenemos

sois                                                                    teneis

son                                                                    tienen

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